Scotland’s Hoods

Robert Hood (1803-1874) Anne Rayburn (1801-1833)

A little bit of background. It is my aim to follow the family back to when they arrived in Australia and describe if possible the ‘push’ and ‘pull’ factors that led to the decision to leave Scotland and migrate to Australia. I will begin with John’s 2x Great grandparents- Robert Hood and Anne Reyburn.

Robert and Anne were married in 1822 in Kilmarnock. According to Wikipedia (?) Robert was a colliery foreman who later became a manager.

On the back of this photo it says W R Hood’s great uncle. Is it possible that it is Robert Hood? The photographer was A McGregor of 46 King Street Kilmarnock.

From my research I believe Robert married three times and had six children to his first wife, Anne Reyburn however no other children to the other wives. He died in Kilmarnock at the age of 71.

Archibald Hood (1823-1902)

His eldest son, Archibald, worked in the mines from the age of thirteen and later when his father could afford his education went on to study and qualified as a mining engineer. Archibald went on to become a major industrialist and coal mine owner moving from Kilmarnnock to Edinbrugh and then to Wales where there is a statue of him at Llwynypia.

William Rayburn Hood (1826-1890)

According to tales in the family William was a remittance man and possibly came to Australia at his brother’s behest. In British history, a remittance man was an emigrant, often from Britain to a British colony, supported by regular payments from home on the expectation that he stay away. I cannot find his passage to Australia and do not know when he arrived or his port of entry. He was forty when he married in October of 1866 and listed his place of abode as Inverell NSW. This was an area which had attracted settlers from Scotland and by 1866 small selectors were making their claims and establishing wheat farming.

William Rayburn Hood (1826-1890)

William (1823-1902), John’s Great grandfather.

I have yet to discover when William Rayburn Hood arrived in Australia. According to the 1851 Scotland Census a William Hood, was living in Kilbride, near Glasgow. He is listed as annuitant – a person who receives an annuity. Did his brother pay? Archibald was very successful. My guess is that he arrived in Australia most probably at Sydney between 1855 and 1865. He was married in 1866.

William was a miner and undertook a number of ventures with the Maund brothers. The Maunds ran a store at Wellingrove and in October of 1868 it was robbed by the bushranger, Captain Thunderbolt. James Earl Maund wrote to the newspaper and told of the adventure.

Isabella and William had two sons, unfortunately she died in childbirth in 1870. She was just 33 years old. The story in the family was that James Earl Maund, the boys uncle raised them as his own. He married Agnes Hamilton in 1865 and they had ten children. Pearce Maund was born the same year as his cousin Robert.

More about Isabella and her family.

William Rayburn Hood – miner.

The following is a except from newspaper found in TROVE

NB Vegetable Creek later became Emmaville.

9/16/2020 17 Dec 1872 – VEGETABLE CREEK TIN MINES. 1/2 Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (NSW : 1843 – 1893), Tuesday 17 December 1872, page 2 VEGETABLE CREEK TIN MINES. (Communicated to Tamworth Weekly News.)

During my stay in New England, I paid several visits to the Vegetable Creek tin-mining ground, part of the Strathbogie run, belonging to Hugh Gordon, Esq., and felt surprised at never finding any mention of this mining locality in either the Sydney or local journals; so, for my own gratification, I made special inquiries, and elicited the following facts :— The first claim on the creek is the Great Britain. There is a large dam, a number of huts, and a good substantial store, all complete, with a tramway, from the claim to the Severn River, in course of construction. These facts will show how great must be the mineral wealth of this claim in the opinion of the owners. The ground has been well prospected, and declared highly satisfactory.

The next claim was recently purchased from Mr. Calleen by Mr. W. Tomison (late of the Peel), ave-raging from 4 to 5 cwt. per day to the box—five men washing from 23 to 30 cwt. in a week.

The adjoining claim is not prospected ; I under-stand it belongs to Mr. Ashton, of Glen Innes.

Passing down, we come to the Little Wonder. The owners—Messrs. Maund, Hood, and Ezzy—-seem to have begun work in earnest. I saw some splendid wash dirt; one dish yielded 16 lbs. of clean tin. There are two huts, With two of a better class to be erected. Next on the creek are Moore, Spears and Co. They have fourteen men employed, and the yield from each box is from 3 to 7 cwt. a day. Then comes the Canadian, worked

9/15/2020 20 May 1873 – VEGETABLE CREEK. 1/2 Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (NSW : 1843 – 1893), Tuesday 20 May 1873, page 2 VEGETABLE CREEK. (From the Correspondent of the Glen Innes Guardian. )

Matters here wear quite a gloomy aspect consequent of the want of rain. Nearly every person you meet asks the question, ” When are we likely to have any rain ? ” and the answer is invariably a blank look. Most of the claimholders are discharging their employés, as the water is becoming too scarce to carry on work on a large scale. I send you a few of the particulars of some of the claims I have visited.

The next claim I came to was Messrs Maund and Hood’s, which is entitled the Little Wonder. This claim consists of forty acres, and is worked by two parties on tribute. A good dam has been made here, winch holds the water well. The two parties at work—seven men in each—raise about seven tons of clean ore per week. A paddock has been made about six chains back from the creek, at the southern end of Mr Shine’s auction rooms, from which splendid tin has been procured. I have seen pieces of wash-dirt taken from this paddock which were nearly all pure tin. At this claim is where the Vegetable Creek township is being built. There is at present a large hotel in course of erection by Mr. Maund, two boarding houses are already established, Messrs. Joseph and Harts stores, Mr. Shine’s auction rooms, a black-smith’s shop, and a bakery establishment, as well as a Catholic Chapel, which latter building is to be used as a school house also. The spot, from its central position, will doubtless be for some time to come the centre of trade for the Creek.

9/15/2020 11 Sep 1873 – TIN MINING. 1/3 Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (NSW : 1843 – 1893), Thursday 11 September 1873, page 1 TIN MINING VEGETABLE CREEK. (From the correspondent of the Glen Innes Guardian Sept. 6.) |

Since writing you last a wonderful improvement has taken place in this locality, which is chiefly owing to the copious falls of rain we have had, and the further opening of the ground.

 I will commence with a few remarks on the working of the claims. I have had an opportunity of seeing the first of which is the Great Britain. This claim consists of 500 acres, and is situated near the head of the Vegetable Creek, and no doubt can possibly exist as to the richness of this claim. The names of the owners are known to most of your readers, so that I need not now mention them. Hardly any work has been done immediately on the mine but a vast deal has been done in connection with it. I of course allude to the tramway as nearly everyone knows of its construction. It about six miles in length, the sleepers are eight inches apart, and the rails twelve feet long and inches by four. A number of persons here and there were, and perhaps still are, labouring under the impression that the tramway would not test. I beg to assure such persons that I leer, the trucks going along it, and that admirably, and is much firmer than onenders, at first sight. I may add that it was ngers. three days after a heavy fall of rain when the work first commenced. Starting from the head of the tramway, I walked all the way down to the Tip head. For about two miles the country is very scrubby and flat, at the end of which you come to Graveyard Creek, where there is a huge embankment thrown up, with a culvert in the centre. This is on the Gladstone claim, two-thirds of which has been purchased by Mr Townsend, the other third being the property of Messrs, Maund and Hood. The stripping on this claim is very heavy, but when the tin is struck it is very coarse, and the best ruby tin I have seen. The ground can-not be said to have been prospected yet, so there is no telling how it will turn out. I am of opinion that it is rich in leaders bearing heavy deposits of tin. Mr. Townsend has here erected sheds and stores for the Great Britain for the storage of tin and re- pairs to trucks, &c. Turning up the road leading to Ranger’s Valley is the new hotel lately opened by Mr. Bath, and called the Tramway Hotel, which is a clean, small building, and quite a boon to travellers on that road, as well as to the neighbours in its immediate locality.

9/15/2020 11 Sep 1873 – TIN MINING. 3/3 The adjoining claim to this is the property of the Vegetable Creek Tin Mining Louipau} tarnee I wrote } ou last concerning this chum, two paddocks have bien taken out, which paid will, and at the same time made mole room for the storage of water. A paddock which has just been taken out is with-out exception, the richest that hoBeiei been taken out on this tin held, and \ i rh ips on any other in the colon} There is onlv half a foot ot stripping, and an average depth of foin and n half feet of wash-dnt, which might be said to be one mass of ore The first da} s wasDing from this paddock amounted to 28 bucKetsful, the second dav’s 42, and the third da}’s }ielded the enormous amount of 108 bucketsfull Beal in mind this is fiom one box and eight men employed It is estimated by themannger.Mr. O’Dal}, thai he will get 10 t ins more from this pad-dock, w Inch is on]} one chain in length b} half a chain m width The four sides of the paddock look quite as good as the part taken out. Mr O’Dal} has at present 16 tons of ore on the ground

9/16/2020 20 Apr 1880 – Advertising 1/3 Glen Innes Examiner and General Advertiser (NSW : 1874 – 1908), Tuesday 20 April 1880, page 3

To the Electors. MR. W. BEDE CHRISTIE will address the Electors at the Music Hall, Glen Innes, on MONDAY EVENING NEXT, the 26th inst., at half-past seven, when he will explain his views on all the leading political questions of the day. The Mayor, James Earle Maund, Esq., will take the chair. Mr. Christie will address the Electors at Vegetable Creek, on TUESDAY EVENING, the 27th instant.


Glen Innes Examiner and General Advertiser (NSW : 1874 – 1908), Tuesday 15 November 1887, p4 

Friends- of Senior-sergeant Wells are requested to attend a MEETING at the Court House on THURSDAY NEXT, at 8 p.m., when he will be presented with an Address and Parse of Sovereigns, prior to his departure for Lismore. 

THURSDAY NEXT, November 17 At the Police Barracks, Hawes-street. UNRESERVED SALE  of Household- Furniture and Effects. J. E. MAUND SAS received instructions from Senior-sergeant Wells, to sell by public auction on TH URSDAY NEXT, at the Police Barracks, at 2 o’clock sharp,  The whole of his HOUSEHOLD FURNITURE and effects, including every requisite in Drawing, Dining, and Bedrooms, and Kitchen. .. .. . . ‘ The above is of Superior Quality, and equal to New.  No Reserve, Terms Cash.

9/16/2020 10 Dec 1887 – GLEN INNES. 1/1 Australian Town and Country Journal (Sydney, NSW : 1870 – 1907), Saturday 10 December 1887, page 16 GLEN INNES. December 3.

DONATION.-The treasurer of the Glen Innes Hospital has received from the executors of the late Thomas Walker, of Yaralla, Conoord, ¿650, toward the erection of a ” fever ward.”

AUCTIONEERS’ LICENCES.-at the local police court, the bench granted renewal of licences to Messrs, Donat, Sergeant, Marshall, O’Connor, McGregor, Hood, Wilson, Wetherspoon, and Maund.

New South Wales Government Gazette (Sydney, NSW : 1832 – 1900), Wednesday 9 April 1890 (No.196), page 2978

[Notice under Section 11 of the Bankruptcy Act, 1887.]

In the Supreme Court of New South Wales. (2,235)


Re James Earle Maund, hotelkeeper.

NOTICE is hereby given that a Sequestration Order has this day been made against the abovenamed James Earle Maund, of Kookabookra, on his own petition.—Dated at Sydney, this 26th day of March, A.D. 1890.


Registrar in Bankruptcy.

3051 3s. 6d. New South Wales Government Gazette (Sydney, NSW : 1832 – 1900), Wednesday 9 April 1890 (No.196), page 2979

In the Supreme Court of New South Wales. (2,235)


He James Earle Maund, of Kookabookra, hotelkeeper.

NOTICE is hereby given that the Single Meeting of creditors in the above matter will be held at the Court-house, Glen Innes, before the District Registrar in Bankruptcy, on the 30th day of April, 1890, at 11 a.m., or as soon after as the course of business? will permit. To entitle a creditor to vote thereat, his proof must be lodged with the Registrar in Bankruptcy, Chancery-square, Sydney, not later than the 25th day of April,



Registrar in Bankruptcy. Official Assignee—Lancelot Tubelkeld Lloyd.

3063 6s.

In the Estate of J. E. Maund, Bankrupt.

A MEETING of Creditors in the above Estate

will be held at the Office of MR. JO.SEPH

MOSES, Macquarie-street, Glen Innes, on MON

Fix this textDAY, 2nd June, at 3 p.m.